Vancomycin-Resistant Lactococcus lactis 1A-1 Isolated from a Competitive Exclusion Product Transfers Vancomycin Resistance Genes to Staphylococcus aureus
R. Doug Wagner*, 1, Dedeh Kurniasih-Rubin2, Shemedia J. Johnson1
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2008
First Page: 72
Last Page: 76
Publisher Id: TOFSJ-2-72
Article History:Received Date: 8/3/2008
Revision Received Date: 4/6/2008
Acceptance Date: 5/6/2008
Electronic publication date: 30/6/2008
Collection year: 2008
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
A vancomycin-resistant Lactococcus lactis isolate 1A-1 from a competitive exclusion (CE) product contained plasmid-encoded vanA, B, C1, and C2/3 genes. The L. lactis 1A-1 conjugatively transferred the genes to Staphylococcus aureus in vitro. CE product bacteria may be reservoirs for dissemination of vanA, B, and C genes to the human gastrointestinal microbiota.