Characterisation of the Physico-chemical Properties of Selected White Sorghum Grain and Flours for the Production of Ice Cream Cones
J. Kigozi*, 1, Y. Byaruhanga2, N. Banadda1, A. Kaaya2
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2013
First Page: 23
Last Page: 33
Publisher Id: TOFSJ-7-23
Article History:Received Date: 22/9/2012
Revision Received Date: 28/11/2012
Acceptance Date: 2/12/2012
Electronic publication date: 05/9/2013
Collection year: 2013
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Six white sorghum varieties (MUC007/11, MUC007/27, MUC007/193, MUC007/80, MUC007/171, MUC007/174) available in Uganda were evaluated for their suitability as alternate materials for the production of ice cream cones. Physico- chemical properties of the sorghums were determined and correlated to the properties of the ice cream cones produced from them. Results from this study showed that the swelling power and pasting properties of the flours determined by amylose/amlopectin ratio and amylose content as well as the presence of lipids, dietary fibre, tannins and minerals. The break down viscosity (r=-0.825), the final viscosity(r=-0.834) and amylose/amylopectin ratio (r=- 0.782) attained had the highest correlation with the ice cream permeability and weight while hardness of the cone correlated with dietary fibre content (r=0.576), tannin content(r=0.75) and protein (r=-0.458). Hardness showed highest correlation with setback (r=-0.859) and final viscosity(r=-0.703) while texture showed highest correlation with hardness (r=- 0.662) and set back(r=0.778). The cone appearance correlated highest with particle size (r=0.696) and dietary fibre (r=- 0.693). An amylose content of about 28% and lipid content of about 3% with endosperm texture rated as 3 (scale ;1- corneous and 5-floury), 0.1% Tannins, 1.7% minerals and dietary fibre of 5%, in the epuripur variety produced the best sorghum ice cream cone.